Solanum americanum genome-assisted discovery of immune receptors that detect potato late blight pathogen effectors

  • Published:
  • Authors: Lin X, Jia Y, Heal R, Prokchorchik M, Sindalovskaya M, Olave-Achury A, Makechemu M, Fairhead S, Noureen A, Heo J, Witek K, Smoker M, Taylor J, Shrestha RK, Lee Y, Zhang C, Park SJ, Sohn KH, Huang S, Jones JDG (2023)
  • Reference: Nat Genet. 2023 Aug 28. doi: 10.1038/s41588-023-01486-9.

Potato (Solanum tuberosum) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) crops suffer severe losses to late blight caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans. Solanum americanum, a relative of potato and tomato, is globally distributed and most accessions are highly blight resistant. We generated high-quality reference genomes of four S. americanum accessions, resequenced 52 accessions, and defined a pan-NLRome of S. americanum immune receptor genes. We further screened for variation in recognition of 315P. infestans RXLR effectors in 52 S. americanum accessions. Using these genomic and phenotypic data, we cloned three NLR-encoding genes, Rpi-amr4, R02860 and R04373, that recognize cognate P. infestans RXLR effectors PITG_22825 (AVRamr4), PITG_02860 and PITG_04373. These genomic resources and methodologies will support efforts to engineer potatoes with durable late blight resistance and can be applied to diseases of other crops.